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cassandra

Cassandra / ScyllaDB Basics

CLUSTER → KEYSPACE → TABLE → DATA
Minimum number of running nodes are 2 (otherwise writes are not possible), so 3 or more nodes total is absolutely minimal deployment.

Data Keys

PRIMARY KEY (a): The partition key is a.
PRIMARY KEY (a, b): The partition key is a, the clustering key is b.
PRIMARY KEY ((a, b)): The composite partition key is (a, b).
PRIMARY KEY (a, b, c): The partition key is a, the composite clustering key is (b, c).
PRIMARY KEY ((a, b), c): The composite partition key is (a, b), the clustering key is c.
PRIMARY KEY ((a, b), c, d): The composite partition key is (a, b), the composite clustering key is (c, d).

Aprox. recommended capacity

5TB on one node
commitlog file on another disk

Shell

cqlsh ip 9042

Create Keyspace

CREATE KEYSPACE Excelsior
           WITH replication = {'class': 'SimpleStrategy', 'replication_factor' : 3};

CREATE KEYSPACE Excalibur
           WITH replication = {'class': 'NetworkTopologyStrategy', 'DC1' : 1, 'DC2' : 3}
            AND durable_writes = false;

Change number of replicas

ALTER KEYSPACE Excelsior
          WITH replication = {'class': 'SimpleStrategy', 'replication_factor' : 4};

Describe Keyspaces

describe keyspaces;

How to list all the tables

use {keyspace_name};
describe tables;

Info about table

use {keyspace_name};
describe table {table_name};

Create Table

CREATE TABLE positions (
    idSap ascii,
    typSap varchar,
    kodSlozka ascii,
    VolaciZnak varchar,
    CasAktualizace int,
    rychlost int,
    lat double,
    lon double,
    PRIMARY KEY (CasAktualizace,idSap)
) WITH CLUSTERING ORDER BY (CasAktualizace DESC);

WSO2 EI

Turn off consistency check

<property name="consistencyLevel">ANY</property> <-- write
<property name="consistencyLevel">ONE</property> <-- read
<data enableBatchRequests="true" name="cassandra" serviceNamespace="positions" transports="http">
   <config enableOData="false" id="cassandra">
      <property name="cassandraServers">10.160.149.35</property>
      <property name="keyspace">nis</property>
      <property name="clusterName">hzspk</property>
      <property name="consistencyLevel">ONE</property>
   </config>
   <query id="status" useConfig="cassandra">
      <expression>SELECT COUNT(1) as count FROM nis.positions;</expression>
      <result element="status" rowName="positions">
         <element column="count" name="count" xsdType="integer"/>
      </result>
   </query>
   <query id="read" useConfig="cassandra">
      <expression>SELECT idsap,kodslozka,volaciznak,casaktualizace,rychlost,lat,lon FROM nis.positions WHERE casaktualizace &gt; :from AND casaktualizace &lt; :to LIMIT 1000 ALLOW FILTERING;</expression>
      <result element="status" rowName="sap">
         <element column="idsap" name="idSap" xsdType="string"/>
         <element column="kodslozka" name="kodSlozka" xsdType="string"/>
         <element column="volaciznak" name="VolaciZnak" xsdType="string"/>
         <element column="casaktualizace" name="CasAktualizace" xsdType="string"/>
         <element column="rychlost" name="rychlost" xsdType="string"/>
         <element column="lat" name="lat" xsdType="string"/>
         <element column="lon" name="lon" xsdType="string"/>
      </result>
      <param name="from" sqlType="INTEGER"/>
      <param name="to" sqlType="INTEGER"/>
   </query>
   <query id="save" useConfig="cassandra">
      <expression>INSERT INTO nis.positions (idsap,typsap,kodslozka,volaciznak,casaktualizace,rychlost,lat,lon) VALUES (:idSap,:typSap,:kodSlozka,:volaciZnak,:casAktualizace,:rychlost,:lat,:lon);</expression>
      <param name="idSap" sqlType="STRING"/>
      <param name="typSap" sqlType="STRING"/>
      <param name="kodSlozka" sqlType="STRING"/>
      <param name="rychlost" sqlType="INTEGER"/>
      <param name="volaciZnak" sqlType="STRING"/>
      <param name="casAktualizace" sqlType="INTEGER"/>
      <param name="lat" sqlType="DOUBLE"/>
      <param name="lon" sqlType="DOUBLE"/>
   </query>
   <operation name="get" returnRequestStatus="true">
      <call-query href="read">
         <with-param name="from" query-param="from"/>
         <with-param name="to" query-param="to"/>
      </call-query>
   </operation>
   <operation name="status" returnRequestStatus="true">
      <call-query href="status"/>
   </operation>
   <operation name="savebatch" returnRequestStatus="true">
      <call-query href="save">
         <with-param name="idSap" query-param="idSap"/>
         <with-param name="typSap" query-param="typSap"/>
         <with-param name="kodSlozka" query-param="kodSlozka"/>
         <with-param name="rychlost" query-param="rychlost"/>
         <with-param name="volaciZnak" query-param="volaciZnak"/>
         <with-param name="casAktualizace" query-param="casAktualizace"/>
         <with-param name="lat" query-param="lat"/>
         <with-param name="lon" query-param="lon"/>
      </call-query>
   </operation>
   <resource method="GET" path="/status">
      <call-query href="status"/>
   </resource>
   <resource method="GET" path="/read">
      <call-query href="read">
         <with-param name="from" query-param="from"/>
         <with-param name="to" query-param="to"/>
      </call-query>
   </resource>
   <resource method="POST" path="/">
      <call-query href="save">
         <with-param name="idSap" query-param="idSap"/>
         <with-param name="typSap" query-param="typSap"/>
         <with-param name="kodSlozka" query-param="kodSlozka"/>
         <with-param name="rychlost" query-param="rychlost"/>
         <with-param name="volaciZnak" query-param="volaciZnak"/>
         <with-param name="casAktualizace" query-param="casAktualizace"/>
         <with-param name="lat" query-param="lat"/>
         <with-param name="lon" query-param="lon"/>
      </call-query>
   </resource>
</data>

Number of Rows

nodetool tablestats <keyspace.table>
SELECT COUNT(1) FROM table;

Convert time to timestamp

unixTimestampOf(minTimeuuid(casAktualizace))

Send data

curl -v -d '<save><idSap>1</idSap><typSap>2</typSap><kodSlozka>3</kodSlozka><rychlost>4</rychlost><volaciZnak>5</volaciZnak><casAktualizace>2017-08-04T17:46:55</casAktualizace><lat>1</lat><lon>2</lon></save>' -H Content-Type:"text/xml" http://endpoint

Export CSV

$ COPY nis.positions (lat, lon) FROM 'positions.csv' WITH DELIMITER='|' AND HEADER=TRUE;
$ COPY nis.positions to 'positions-20170101.csv';
cassandra.txt · Last modified: 2017/10/05 10:06 by Jan Forman